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Jeroen Zuiderwijk

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Jeroen Zuiderwijk last won the day on October 11

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    Bronze age, iron age, early medieval.

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  1. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    The Little Bealings Project

    There are also finds of hilts with a leather cover glued on, and even with textile between the wood and leather. Aside from additional grip, this also reinforces the grip. There's no telling if this was done a lot, since usually only the inner part of the hilt attached to the tang is preserved. For horn grips you don't really need that, as it's much stronger. P.s. I didn't comment on this seax yet, but a really incredible piece George!
  2. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    Faux sheer steel

    I've used 16 layers, which I was quite happy with. I started a new billet, but at 8 layers, I've lost half of the steel already, and a lot of forging hours into it. So I'm not going to do another fold, as I simply don't have the time. The cutting edge here has 16 layers (need to remake that some day, due to the weld flaw in the wrought):
  3. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    How useful are recurve designs?

    For larger blades, the recurve is also for structural reasons. It's a bit like a half leafblade. You have the widest part of the blade right were you need the highest in plane strength, and the thickest part near the hilt right were you need the most out of plane strength and stiffness. For a shorter blade of a material that is relatively soft, this gives the strongest blade shape. And as an added bonus, it also cuts a lot better. For a short blade, it gives a different edges types for different uses in a single blade. That's why you see recurves a lot in bronze age knives, where they were usually limited to one knife to do everything with.
  4. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    Knife Collections?

    P.s. I do admire your attitude towards owning only what you use. I strive towards that, but don't have the personal strength to live by it.
  5. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    Knife Collections?

    I do collect my own historical reproductions. I'm pretty much an addicted collector, with a strong urge to get something new and nice once in a while. While I can't completely stop that, I can limit the effectiveness with regard to accumulating things. Making stuff I found to be better then just buying stuff. I keep my tools at a minimum (my biggest tools are a small drill press and an angle grinder, and those were purchased when after years of holding off getting them, I still found they would be put to good use). Earlier I kept buying materials though even without projects for it in mind, but now I either use what I have, or buy if I can't finish a project without. In the mean time I've offloaded a fair amount of old collections. I live in a house the size of a shoebox on purpose, because it forces me to strongly consider if I really want to spend the space, as it means something else has to go. Now I share that same shoebox with my girlfriend and daughter, so my available space has been limited drastically since, and will keep shrinking in the future. But, I do have a nice collection of reproductions, which since I made them have a special meaning. They don't take up much space, so they can stay (which my girlfriend agrees with b.t.w. ). Having a small amount of space means that what I do own are things carefully selected and of more of value to me then if I just had unlimited space to fill up.
  6. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    This is why I'm always recommending files to people

    I'm surprized at how long you can make files last Alan. I use them up like sandpaper, even on bronze. They can cut longer, but it just saves me time to replace them as soon as the sharpest bite has gone. Mind though, I mostly use small rat tail files, and most work is done with just the front 2cm or so of one.
  7. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    A little Disappointed....

    I do know the feeling. I have a 7 month old at home, so I get very little work done. But it's not just the limited hours, it's also finding the focus to get the level of quality that you want to achieve. I can't get into the zone, like before, where you are just emerged in a project. Then considering how long it takes to get something done, if it's then not as intended it's really frustrating. Nevertheless, it look great in my eyes. And you do admit yourself being pretty pleased with how a lot of it turned out. What also helps is stepping away from it for a little while, so you see it as a whole again, rather then the things that didn't go exactly as planned.
  8. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    Tips on forging FOOD grade items

    Corrosion resistance is not needed when you clean and dry cutlery direct after use. I've got a chef knife made from an old leaf spring that I've used for years, and never developed a single spot of rust. And the room it's in has a high humidity, due to laundry being dried there as well. No oils or anything used to protect it, just use it, clean it, dry it and hang it back.
  9. Jeroen Zuiderwijk


    Preserved surfaces of hilts are rare, however they do in general show no signs of decoration. Exceptions are Baltic style seaxes, from Sweden, which are a very different line of blades that don't show any parallels with the other seax types (aside from being single edged). There is however one broken back style seax that shows inlays in the hilt (from Cumwhitton, third seax from above in this image). In general I would assume that if carving was done, the most high end seaxes would feature the most integrate carvings on the hilt. However, the most high end broken back style seax I know (with regards to the patternwelding) is the Aachen seax (hunting knife of Charlemagne), and that has a plane, undecorated hilt. So it just seems that the hilt wasn't the part to show off with, at least with that example. In general the blades were pretty fancy, as were the sheats, but hilts more plane by comparison. With regards to the fittings, the folded piece of brass does not seem to be what they used. Sadly, nearly all sheaths found were stripped of any metalwork before being thrown away. But what has been found indicates combinations of just rivets, or small individual decorative pieces attached at either side, in combination with a tip piece and an L-shaped mouth piece (see https://www.bladesmithsforum.com/index.php?/topic/35910-broken-back-style-sax-sheaths-fittings-stitchings-and-suspension/ ).
  10. Jeroen Zuiderwijk


    Welts have been used on seax sheaths, but I've not come across examples with them. Rivets were peened.
  11. Jeroen Zuiderwijk


    This is a good start for sheaths: https://www.bladesmithsforum.com/index.php?/topic/35910-broken-back-style-sax-sheaths-fittings-stitchings-and-suspension/
  12. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    What do you do to get away/been any where interesting lately?

    I'm pretty much house bound. With a 6 month daughter, and a girlfriend with ME/CVS, there's little to no room to go away. We did successfully have a weekend in a bungalow park though with the three of us, which included an occasional moment to of relaxing. So that was a major victory. But my time is spend working, doing the household, taking care of my daughter and the sleeping period (which doesn't actually necessarily mean we are sleeping ourselves), trying to fit that all within each 24 hour period. Hopefully a few years from now there will be room again to go someplace and relax. Or doing something that's not directly crucial for survival, like metalwork
  13. Jeroen Zuiderwijk


    What I've seen from the point they started to make metal knives in the copper age, blades are commonly finely finished. A "rustic" finish is a modern invention. And particularly broken back style seaxes were frequently posh prestige items, with complex patternwelded blades or with inlays, fancy decorated leather sheats. I've seen a few earlier seaxes that were clearly poor mans seaxes, with a poor quality finish. But they are not common.
  14. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    Thought fer the day, / add yours if you like

    There's the quick and efficient way of doing things, or more exciting, challenging and time consuming ways. Like for example if you want a knife, you can go buy one at a store. It's cheap, does the job fine. Or you can learn to forge one yourself, play with fire, bash metal, and craft various other materials and 20 years later, you will still some day be making that perfect knife that you always wanted to make. But you've had lots of fun (and frustration) along the way.
  15. Jeroen Zuiderwijk

    Thought fer the day, / add yours if you like

    Stubborness and determination are the vital ingredients to get you to where to want to go. However, keep in mind that forwards isn't necessarily the direction that gets you there when you keep running into a wall.