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Joshua States

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Joshua States last won the day on April 16

Joshua States had the most liked content!

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About Joshua States

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    Wait a minute.....what?

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    New River, AZ
  • Interests
    Making stuff, hunting, rock climbing, philosophy, general adventure seeker.

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  1. Joshua States

    Meteorite Damascus

    OK. Now you are just being a show off. Keep going man!
  2. Joshua States

    boring axe-stuff...

    Boy oh boy, axes are alive and flourishing around here lately! Nice work Jake and please do finish the piece for us.
  3. Joshua States

    Practicing the bearded axe

    That's a "practice piece"????? You are killing me man. How are you doing the eye?
  4. Joshua States

    WIP - Sami influenced gift knives

    Is it time for shorts and a tank-top yet?
  5. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    The axeman cometh. Besides, I ran out of jackhammer bits......
  6. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    Where do you live? A lot of folks like NJ Steel Baron, but the shipping costs from NJ to AZ make it prohibitively expensive for me. I buy my 1095 from Admiral Steel and have just gotten used to subjecting it to normalizing and a full anneal when I need to machine the product. It's about as beginner friendly as 52100 or O-1.
  7. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    For those of you with a programmable HT oven, here is a bit from a conversation I had with Kevin Cashen on machining Damascus bars with 1095: Joshua, your machining setbacks can be summed up in one word- 1095. It is the simplicity of 1095 that makes its extra .15% carbon so annoying. With no carbide formers (Cr, V etc..) to distract that carbon it forms very obnoxious pro-eutectoid carbide networks rather readily. I think I have dulled more drill bits on 1095 than any other alloy. To tame it, you approach things from the opposite direction. Keep the annealing temp below critical, (or at least well below the upper critical AcCm). By doing so you have a more slow and controlled diffusion that tends to gather the carbide up into spheroids, rather than lamellae. This eliminates the carbide networks and makes things easier to machine. Normalize the bar to break up the networks you have, and then heat it (no ramp, just heat it) to 1375F for 1 hour and then ramp down no faster than 50F per hour to below 800F-850F. This is what I do when I need to mill, cut or otherwise machine my steel and want my tools to be fine with it. You will have coarse spheroidal carbides but it will cut like butter.
  8. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    Questionable annealing is my guess. I buy quite a bit of 1095 from a "reputable" retailer and often find that it is a lamellar anneal, not a speroidized anneal. What that means for the layman is that the annealing process was slow, but not slow enough. Steels with more than about 8% C have a weird characteristic caused by all of that carbon. After hitting critical or austenitic temp, with a mild soak at heat, the carbon should be dissolved fairly uniformly throughout the steel. As it cools that carbon starts to form carbide, at first it just kind of clumps, (normalizing in still air) but given more time it forms sheets, because all that carbon starts to migrate. If the cooling process is really slow (like -50*F per hour) down to around 800*F, you get a fully spheroidized anneal, which will cut like butter. However, if the cooling process is in between, you get these sheets of carbide running through the bar. Your drill will cut a little, hit a carbide sheet, dull instantly, and squeal like a stuck pig. When ever I use 1095, I never accept that the "anneal" is an industrial, spheroidized anneal. I always normalize before machining of any kind. They both do. Both of these steels have somewhere between .95% and 1.4% C in the matrix. When I use 1095 in Damascus, the bar goes into the Paragon for an all-night long anneal.
  9. Joshua States

    Meteorite Damascus

    Nicely done sir!
  10. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    That little axe drift was lonely. So, I made him some friends. Other than a little wire wheel cleanup, these are all as-forged.
  11. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    This is very finicky stuff and can cause tremendous cutting problems after forging and heat cycling. If you are forging 1095, grinding it and then trying to drill it, or cut it with a bandsaw, it will laugh as you toss bit and blade into the trash can. If you do not have the means and equipment to do a full industrial anneal, you will have to settle for the fast normalization to get this steel to cooperate with your drill bits. Kevin Cashen once told me: "Normalizing is more about the rates of heating and cooling than about getting exact temperatures." Heat it quickly to well above magnetic and let cool in still air. That will get the carbon into an even solutions and cool it quickly enough that it will not form carbide sheets, but not fast enough to harden. Your bits may still chatter and squeal, but they will cut. Then again, you could always spend a few extra bucks and buy carbide drill bits.
  12. Joshua States

    A tale of 6 blades.

    These all got heat treated and hand sanded to 320 grit. then I gathered up the materials for the guards and spacers packages so I can fit them. I had to forge out some W-1 for the dagger fittings and there was some casting of plates and a rough guard for a couple of the blades. (Shibuichi plate and red bronze plate and guard). Here are a couple of glam shots of the dagger HT operation. Hand sanding 6 blades out gets a little tedious. I'm taking a break from knives for a bit. Got some tooling to work on making.
  13. Joshua States

    Limonite and cuprite?

    That is cutting edge humor.
  14. Joshua States

    KITH 2019 sign up

    Yeah, the sign-up deadline is more of a guideline than a rule.
  15. Joshua States

    Origin of the "Modern" Puukko?

    What a cool find Aiden. That old Puukko looks like the grind is uneven from side to side? Is that what I see there? Almost like it has a plunge cut on the right side and a full bevel to the tang on the left.