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Joshua States

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Everything posted by Joshua States

  1. Joshua States

    Meteorite Damascus

    OK. Now you are just being a show off. Keep going man!
  2. Joshua States

    boring axe-stuff...

    Boy oh boy, axes are alive and flourishing around here lately! Nice work Jake and please do finish the piece for us.
  3. Joshua States

    Practicing the bearded axe

    That's a "practice piece"????? You are killing me man. How are you doing the eye?
  4. Joshua States

    WIP - Sami influenced gift knives

    Is it time for shorts and a tank-top yet?
  5. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    The axeman cometh. Besides, I ran out of jackhammer bits......
  6. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    So I took this idea from a gardening forum (yes they exist) I used to frequent. I thought it might be nice to shoot the breeze and talk about some of the more mundane stuff we do in our shop that maybe we take for granted, but is good info for anyone setting up or rearranging things. So today I fianlly got around to putting the proper handles on my press dies and making hooks to hang them up. No more digging through a pile of dies on the bottom of the press. Then I decided to skip the first half of the super bowl and forge out a few blades. The KITH knife is on the right. The hunter in the center needs a little more work.
  7. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    Where do you live? A lot of folks like NJ Steel Baron, but the shipping costs from NJ to AZ make it prohibitively expensive for me. I buy my 1095 from Admiral Steel and have just gotten used to subjecting it to normalizing and a full anneal when I need to machine the product. It's about as beginner friendly as 52100 or O-1.
  8. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    For those of you with a programmable HT oven, here is a bit from a conversation I had with Kevin Cashen on machining Damascus bars with 1095: Joshua, your machining setbacks can be summed up in one word- 1095. It is the simplicity of 1095 that makes its extra .15% carbon so annoying. With no carbide formers (Cr, V etc..) to distract that carbon it forms very obnoxious pro-eutectoid carbide networks rather readily. I think I have dulled more drill bits on 1095 than any other alloy. To tame it, you approach things from the opposite direction. Keep the annealing temp below critical, (or at least well below the upper critical AcCm). By doing so you have a more slow and controlled diffusion that tends to gather the carbide up into spheroids, rather than lamellae. This eliminates the carbide networks and makes things easier to machine. Normalize the bar to break up the networks you have, and then heat it (no ramp, just heat it) to 1375F for 1 hour and then ramp down no faster than 50F per hour to below 800F-850F. This is what I do when I need to mill, cut or otherwise machine my steel and want my tools to be fine with it. You will have coarse spheroidal carbides but it will cut like butter.
  9. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    Questionable annealing is my guess. I buy quite a bit of 1095 from a "reputable" retailer and often find that it is a lamellar anneal, not a speroidized anneal. What that means for the layman is that the annealing process was slow, but not slow enough. Steels with more than about 8% C have a weird characteristic caused by all of that carbon. After hitting critical or austenitic temp, with a mild soak at heat, the carbon should be dissolved fairly uniformly throughout the steel. As it cools that carbon starts to form carbide, at first it just kind of clumps, (normalizing in still air) but given more time it forms sheets, because all that carbon starts to migrate. If the cooling process is really slow (like -50*F per hour) down to around 800*F, you get a fully spheroidized anneal, which will cut like butter. However, if the cooling process is in between, you get these sheets of carbide running through the bar. Your drill will cut a little, hit a carbide sheet, dull instantly, and squeal like a stuck pig. When ever I use 1095, I never accept that the "anneal" is an industrial, spheroidized anneal. I always normalize before machining of any kind. They both do. Both of these steels have somewhere between .95% and 1.4% C in the matrix. When I use 1095 in Damascus, the bar goes into the Paragon for an all-night long anneal.
  10. Joshua States

    Meteorite Damascus

    Nicely done sir!
  11. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    That little axe drift was lonely. So, I made him some friends. Other than a little wire wheel cleanup, these are all as-forged.
  12. Joshua States

    Drilling Question

    This is very finicky stuff and can cause tremendous cutting problems after forging and heat cycling. If you are forging 1095, grinding it and then trying to drill it, or cut it with a bandsaw, it will laugh as you toss bit and blade into the trash can. If you do not have the means and equipment to do a full industrial anneal, you will have to settle for the fast normalization to get this steel to cooperate with your drill bits. Kevin Cashen once told me: "Normalizing is more about the rates of heating and cooling than about getting exact temperatures." Heat it quickly to well above magnetic and let cool in still air. That will get the carbon into an even solutions and cool it quickly enough that it will not form carbide sheets, but not fast enough to harden. Your bits may still chatter and squeal, but they will cut. Then again, you could always spend a few extra bucks and buy carbide drill bits.
  13. Joshua States

    A tale of 6 blades.

    These all got heat treated and hand sanded to 320 grit. then I gathered up the materials for the guards and spacers packages so I can fit them. I had to forge out some W-1 for the dagger fittings and there was some casting of plates and a rough guard for a couple of the blades. (Shibuichi plate and red bronze plate and guard). Here are a couple of glam shots of the dagger HT operation. Hand sanding 6 blades out gets a little tedious. I'm taking a break from knives for a bit. Got some tooling to work on making.
  14. Joshua States

    A tale of 6 blades.

    I decided to try working on knives in a grouping of more than two. I typically only work on one or two at a time. So here is the beginning. It started out as 7 blades. Some got discarded along the way and replaced, some got redesigned after forging, others just got tossed. First I grab a pencil and some paper and design the whole knife. Then it's take a template (or make one) and choose the handle material and prepare the blade steel stock. Then it's fire up the forge and start banging them out. I keep the templates handy during forging. I even draw the profile with a soapstone on the anvil face and hold my forging over it to see where I need to push the steel. Eventually, I wind up with a bunch of forged blades.
  15. Joshua States

    Limonite and cuprite?

    That is cutting edge humor.
  16. Joshua States

    KITH 2019 sign up

    Yeah, the sign-up deadline is more of a guideline than a rule.
  17. Joshua States

    Origin of the "Modern" Puukko?

    What a cool find Aiden. That old Puukko looks like the grind is uneven from side to side? Is that what I see there? Almost like it has a plunge cut on the right side and a full bevel to the tang on the left.
  18. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    I always say that the price goes up if it drew blood during the making. That means it has a spirit and knows what its purpose in life really is. BTW-That's a smoking Dirk blade
  19. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    You are correct, on both counts, but the 25# LG does wonders. I have several used JH bits. They actually sell them at the tool rental in Home Depot, but these were donated by a contractor friend.
  20. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    Man that looks cool.
  21. Joshua States

    What did you do in your shop today?

    I made an axe drift.
  22. Joshua States

    Bangin' & Jammin'

    All of a sudden I heard Grantchester Meadows in my head and had a flashback.
  23. Joshua States

    Pattern welded broken back long sax

    Time to make another one.
  24. Joshua States

    'Konasamudram' Process

    I just went back and cruised through most of this thread. 4 years of experiment and effort. I am seriously impressed. I also don't really believe you when you say you will soon end this thread.
  25. Joshua States

    The Knife making bible?

    Ask any two knife makers a question and you will get three answers. Each one of them will tell you how they do it, and then they will discuss it and come up with at least a third way that uses parts of the first two answers. There are lots of books out there, and even more magazine articles, videos and everything else in this world of digital information. Many of us started with Jim Hrisoulas's books or Wayne Goddard's, but those have become a little dated. Still a good basis for the craft by all means. I think this forum is about the best resource you can find for dependable information. The pinned topics are worth reading several times. Check out this thread for books & video recommendations.
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