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Celtic fibula tutorial


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Hello! I was asked to make a tutorial about forging Celtic fibula, so when Petr was here we made some photos of me forging it.

So here it is - Celtic fibula tutorial

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I chose fibula inspired by find from Duchcov, Czech Republic

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I chose to forge from about 7 mm thick round stock of mild

 

first you have to draw a pin an spiral part to thin stick and make nice and smooth transition

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Then you meassure the lenght of the fibula bow and forge the begining of the future hook, where the pin will lock

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For perpendicular fullering i used these tools

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Fullering in action, its nice to have a striker for that

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Piece all fullered

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Then you use hardy cutter and wooden mallet to execute thin grooving

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Here it is done and the pin holder is elongated

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to be continued

Edited by Jiří Javůrek
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Pardon my ignorance but what exactly is a Fibula? Awesome forge work too!

Edited by Matthew Lomas
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Yes, excellent smithing skills.

 

Please keep us posted with your progress.

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Pardon my ignorance but what exactly is a Fibula? Awesome forge work too!

 

A type of cloak pin, sort of a big safety pin sort of thing. B)

 

And yes, VERY nice forge work!

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Thanks a lot, and here we go!

 

with wooden mallet, i make the bow of the fibula on the horn of anvil

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and then you start to wind the spiral. In la tene period both directions were used

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i bend the pin under the bow to form second half

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and wind other part of spiral

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after that i arrange two halves to be in axis and adjust them, using axle

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time to take care of other end

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the point is forged and decorative grooving added same way as before

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and bend it to gracefull shape

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setting the pin holder

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and finished with small ginger brother forged earlier that day

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i hope you enjoyed that

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i hope you enjoyed that

 

:blink: Thank you, Jirí, I did indeed enjoy! I apologize I can't find the ASCII code for the accent on the "r" in your name, but WOW! :ph34r: That's some forge skill! Thank you for showing.

 

Is the ginger one perhaps bronze? They both look like scorpions, in a good way. B)

 

I bow AND tip my hat in your direction!

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Jiri,

 

I agree , very cool ... fun to see... I liked the first shot while it was still in heat.... Good forging chops you have developed!!!biggrin.gif

 

Thanks for posting ...I learn something new ... tongue.gif

 

 

I like the cut out on the hardy hole end of your anvil also ... I've never seen one like that....

 

Dick

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Nice piece! Fibulae are fun forms to explore.

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Jiri,

 

I have heard it said before that a good indicator of a smiths' ability is to forge small items. You, sir, are a very skilled smith.

 

On an entirely different note - would one of you Administrator types please sticky this and consider moving it to the History section?

 

~Bruce~

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Very good..very good

 

"PS: small fibula is copper. JIří is short of forgeable bronze "

Should I send you some forgeable silicon bronze Jiri? Maybe a bit of nickel bearing pattern-weld as well?

 

I looked into fibula when a metals student at the Univ...did not do anything like what you are up to though....

 

Ric

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Hi

I'm sorry that I have little to show now.

He had a lot of work here and in the evenings I am building a press.

I thank everyone for the praise much you appreciate her.

As Peter wrote Floriánek so small that the fibula is of copper.

Richard Furrer thank you very much for offer bronze, I would definitely like to buy a piece.

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  • 7 months later...

I have always wondered about the size of the "pin" part of the fibula and brooches particularly some of the Irish penannular ones), did they have eyelets in their clothes or were they of a courser weave, or how did they have some other way of avoiding tearing their garments?

Edited by Ben Potter
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  • 1 month later...

I have always wondered about the size of the "pin" part of the fibula and brooches particularly some of the Irish penannular ones), did they have eyelets in their clothes or were they of a courser weave, or how did they have some other way of avoiding tearing their garments?

 

Ben (et all)

If you are thinking of some of the later 'presentation' Irish brooches, the scale is absolutely enormous. Many are easily the size of your palm. But those pieces are for an entirely different purpose - which is a kind of 'dig me' display of portable wealth. Something as huge as the well known 'Tara Brooch' would likely have been worn down your back (!)

 

Generally there is a very wide range of quality to early hand woven textiles. (My information tends to be Viking Age, but I am married to a weaver!) There are very few surviving samples of cloth from Northern Europe, often just scraps. The thread counts do range from fairly course weaves - up to extremely fine wools and linens. Some as high as 200 threads per inch! One curious link is that some of our information about textiles comes from impressions left in the corrosion on the inside surfaces of bronze and silver brooches. This where the oxidation products have encased the original threads from the cloth the jewellery was initially attached to. (I have never specifically looked at comparing pin diameter to weaves - but I'd bet you could do that!)

 

So it would be safe to say that 'it depends' might be the most accurate answer to your question. A cloak might easily be a much courser weave, and is the more likely place to use many of the larger brooches seen in the artifact record. It might also be a case of carefully working the pin into place on the fabric - then leaving it in place. People certainly owned far less 'stuff' in any pre-industrial society. These forged (and cast) brooches would be unique presentation pieces - not part of a larger wardrobe of possible jewellery choices (like we would use today).

 

Interesting work!!

 

Darrell

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I have always wondered about the size of the "pin" part of the fibula and brooches particularly some of the Irish penannular ones), did they have eyelets in their clothes or were they of a courser weave, or how did they have some other way of avoiding tearing their garments?

I've always wondered about this, especially those times when I am putting on a cloak at fair. The thought I've had is that all it would take is a small "button hole." I think if it were ever possible to go back and see what people were wearing and the way in which it was worn - we would all be in for some surprises!

 

~Bruce~

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