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Daniel Cauble

[Picture Hvy] Some of my Orishigane for Japanese Blades.

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I've been talking with several archaeologists and even Skip William's (which reminds me that I need to get back in touch with him) about these structures.

At any rate, I've gotten better at polishing for pics. Heres some more of steel under 2% C but right at it. Super nice stuff. This material is going into my nihonto projects and kitchen knives.

What you see is saturated pearlite with grain boundary cementite. Once the steel is eutectoid, perlite can no longer store cementite.

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Edited by Daniel Cauble

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And some crazy widmenstatten structures that are probably widmenstatten ferrite, but based on my sparks on some of it, I swear its widmenstatten cementite.

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Good for you, dude!  You're getting above 2% in a hearth?  

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17 minutes ago, Alan Longmire said:

Good for you, dude!  You're getting above 2% in a hearth?  

I've hit above 4%, lol. Some of that ledeburite pics show carbon in the 3.8-4% range.

 

I've also managed to make some gray cast with precipitated graphite. However, it doesnt play nice so its avoided.

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This will make things clearer .en-iron-carbon-phase-diagram-complete.png

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That is a fun phase diagram.  Thanks for sharing.  

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Indeed it is!  Right on the edge of my understanding, too!  :lol:  I've never looked at diagrams for cast iron, so a lot of that is new to me.  

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You are welcome Jerrod. I knew I was pushing into crazy territory, but didnt fully understand cast characteristics until most recently, and what to look for in my product.

 

As stated earlier in this or my crucible thread, I had various samples of my crucible steel and some hearth steel for a researcher to look at. On of the samples was a 4fold piece of hearth steel. He had mentioned then that I had a clean band of heavy cementite, or iron carbide in the piece. At the time it was a mystery, but now things are getting so clear. This is why I love metallurgy and steel creation. Theres so much I learn the further I go in my journey that I am able to critically inspect previous work and findings a refine my understanding.

Anyway, the piece was cool and he did take a micrograph, albeit not as bright as mine are.

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He also used a Vickers hardness test that the microscope was outfitted with to determine between ferrite and cementite structures. Inside that dark band it was showing all of or most of the white to be cementite at the grain boundaries.

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Edited by Daniel Cauble
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I would like to point out for those that don't know, these are the indentations from the Vicker's hardness test.  This is a very small (localized) hardness check. 

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26 minutes ago, Alan Longmire said:

Indeed it is!  Right on the edge of my understanding, too!  :lol:  I've never looked at diagrams for cast iron, so a lot of that is new to me.  

It was really bizarre to see and try to decipher. Skip messaged me and said ledeburite, and my hunt for knowledge took off. I delved into my microscopy book and many items online. Found a lot of good information, and even stumbled across a bit of research that connected me with an archaeologist in Europe who happened to have already been following my work on IG, lol.

Thanks Jerrod, I meant to make that clear.

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He mentioned the test end was 5x5 microns with a 1g charge. The left side was a pearlite and ferrite strike with the indention being 15% larger and the centered hits are smaller, being cementite or iron carbide.

Edited by Daniel Cauble

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That kitchen knife with 9 fold oroshigane I kept and finally used recently. The patina revealed some fun stuff. The stone polish that followed revealed it even more. Bands of spheroidized cementite, quite large in fact. I need to peer down the scope to see what's going on, but it most certainly is cementite from here.20200222_205531.jpg

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Interesting...  Scope pics, please!

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Posted (edited)

So I finally decided to combine then 2 bars together the same way I have seen a smith in Japan do it. Where one does the first stage of refinement which is the first 6 folds and combine it with a 6 fold billet made.from a previous sword project. It was done by alternate stacking them as a 4 layer bar and folded 6 more times. I did that with this one.

 

Early etching revealed a difference in composition as one was made from wrought and bloom that I had melted, and remelted the melt product again to further refine and improve the slag removal. The other billet was clean modern steel melt material. I had suspected P levels being the difference maker, but am interested it peer at the structures with the scope soon.

 

Also, I dont talk about it much here, but I am a collector and user of japanese natural stones for my sanmai kitchen knives I make, and I have all of the sword related polishing stones and a lot of fingerstones for sword polishing (not pictured). So traditional stone polish with Hadori. The blade is a test blade. A tanto in size but no kissaki and was more of a shobu-zikiro in a way.

 

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I used traditional rice straw ash and ball clay mud slurry

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Nugui

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There were a few flaws on this end of the billet.

 

Edited by Daniel Cauble
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That polish is looking good.   

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Nie and Nioi Daniel.........and I have a Tukon micro Vickers hardness tester...just need a few thousand simple repairs to get it working. At one time I wanted a metallurgical lab...no so much now.

AND...very well done!

 

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10 hours ago, Richard Furrer said:

Nie and Nioi Daniel.........and I have a Tukon micro Vickers hardness tester...just need a few thousand simple repairs to get it working. At one time I wanted a metallurgical lab...no so much now.

AND...very well done!

 

Thanks :)

 

Feel free offload equipment like that on me if you dont want it :D

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