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wrought iron early medieval axes


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Great Moravian battle axe dated to early medieval (Viking Age). To forge it I used wrought iron and O2 steel, the eye is punch and drift, there are at least 4 different ways to get the same shape but in my opinion punching and drifting is the most accurate and historical proper. 

Tutorial is now available on my YT channel.

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Edited by Maciek Tomaszczyk
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Replica of the early medieval finds from Szurpiły (Poland), height 18.5 cm, weight 1.2 kg. I used the same technology as in the original find.

To forged it I used 3 pieces of material (two types of the wrought iron and modern tool steel on the edge).

 

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Edited by Maciek Tomaszczyk
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The axe I forged last month. Copy of the F-type axe found in Birka grave 750. The weight of the corroded original is 1260 g. My replica has 1700 g, the size of both is the same: 180x222 mm. I used 19century wrought iron and old steel. The eye of the axe is folded and welded.

 

Before i started to forge i print it in scale.

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To forge body of the axe i used 19cent. wrought iron round bar (part of the steam engine). Cutting age is 1045 steel

 

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etching in nitric acid showed a very heterogeneous structure of the wrought iron (crystals up to 3 mm).

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Axe from Ostrów Lednicki (catalog no. 474). The sizes of the copy are the same as the original, length 10.2 cm, blade height 8.1 cm. The weight of the replica is150 g (the original weight is 75 grams). The difference in weight results from the corrosion losses of the find and the inaccuracy of the shape of the replica. Axe forged of 3 types of material: Eye is low-carbon steel from the beginning of the 20th century, neck and beard, 19th-century wrought iron, a blade is old steel. 

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Early medieval battle axe. I used wrought iron (old 19-century wagon axel) and medium carbon steel (1045). I based on the archaeological find from the Płock area (Poland). The eye is wrap and forge-welded, the cutting edge is symmetrical. 

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The overlay on the bit had me saying "wait a minute....what?" Amazing work sir.

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