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wrought iron early medieval axes

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Great Moravian battle axe dated to early medieval (Viking Age). To forge it I used wrought iron and O2 steel, the eye is punch and drift, there are at least 4 different ways to get the same shape but in my opinion punching and drifting is the most accurate and historical proper. 

Tutorial is now available on my YT channel.


Edited by Maciek Tomaszczyk
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Posted (edited)

Replica of the early medieval finds from Szurpiły (Poland), height 18.5 cm, weight 1.2 kg. I used the same technology as in the original find.

To forged it I used 3 pieces of material (two types of the wrought iron and modern tool steel on the edge).






Edited by Maciek Tomaszczyk
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Very nice.


I love the figure in the wrought.

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The axe I forged last month. Copy of the F-type axe found in Birka grave 750. The weight of the corroded original is 1260 g. My replica has 1700 g, the size of both is the same: 180x222 mm. I used 19century wrought iron and old steel. The eye of the axe is folded and welded.


Before i started to forge i print it in scale.



To forge body of the axe i used 19cent. wrought iron round bar (part of the steam engine). Cutting age is 1045 steel




etching in nitric acid showed a very heterogeneous structure of the wrought iron (crystals up to 3 mm).






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